A **nominal rate of return **is also called gross rate of return. The real rate of return is simply the gross return less inflation. Do you think is it better to use real returns or nominal returns for your future projections?

Due to the inflation changes the money value, so the investment value of **RM100,000** today is totally different it was 20 years ago.

When I plan for my retirement savings, I always use real rates of return with an inflation rate of x%. The reason is to make the numbers more understandable. Let’s take an example:

Michael and Jackson are 30 years old and want to retire in next 25 years. Let say they own **RM100,000** in investments and are able to put away **RM1000 **per month. If we assume a nominal rate of return of **8%** and an inflation rate of **4%**, how much they will have at retirement age?